Improving Soil Fertility on Ex-mining Area using Natural Material: Coir Geotextiles

coir geotextiles

Coir geotextiles – Coconut fiber waste can not only be used as upholstery for upholstery and chairs. Currently, coconut fiber can also be used as a green product called coconut fiber geotextile. By forming a network, coconut geotextiles are useful for the restoration of old mining areas.

The coconut tree or Cocos nucifera has long been known to have many nutrients. From roots, stems, leaves, and fruits fronds can all be used. Coconut can be used as a raw material for various handicrafts, processed foods and beverages, husk charcoal, dyes in home furnishings.

Process results from various parts of the coconut tree continue to grow. One of them is a product processed from coconut fiber waste, which is used as coconut fiber nets. Coconut fiber geotextile is a net made of coconut fiber. the material is made of one hundred percent natural and environmentally friendly materials. Generally, cocomesh or cocomesh geotextiles are used as garden media and stabilizing materials for slopes or sloping soils. Coconut fiber geotextiles are more economical and efficient than the use of stone surfaces or geotextiles commonly used in structural reinforcement on sloping soils.

Coconut geotextiles have been shown to be effective in preventing landslides or soil erosion and preventing soil from moving out of place and preventing nutrient erosion that can cause plants to grow, all due to the high capacity of geotextiles. coconut absorbs water and becomes able to turn it into humus. Within 3 years, the coconut will be broken down by the soil and the plants that live in it because the material is derived from plants.

Learn about the function of coconut coir geotextiles

Coconut fiber geotextiles are nets made from coconut shells that aid in the restoration of mines, beaches, or forests. Coconut fiber geotextile serves as a plant growing medium, very suitable for reclamation of mines or old beaches, strengthening cliffs, preventing erosion, strengthening the soil, strengthening roads along railway tracks, strengthening cliffs for roads or bridges. Its biodegradable and potent nature helps facilitate the growth of new plants in coconut plantations located on former mine land.

The use of coconut fiber geotextiles has been shown to reforest old mining areas or vacant forests. In addition, coconut fiber geotextile can be used as an initial layer of road support before asphalt, so that the asphalt or road does not break and crack.

Advantages of woven coconut geotextiles

The advantages of coir or coir fibers over geotextiles made from synthetic materials include:

  • The material is a natural fiber.
  • Strong fibrous material, durable but biodegradable.
  • Able to withstand water and others.

Coconut coir geotextiles have been shown to reforest areas of former mines or vacant forests. Many former mining greening consulting companies have begun to turn to natural materials. The nature of coconut fiber geotextile material that is able to store water for a long time makes the soil surface covered with this material retain moisture. This can affect the structure of the soil so that it is easily planted with seeds or seedlings, plus it is also a fiber geotextile as a soil substitute when planting seeds or seedlings.

The advantage of this coconut coir geotextile material is that it is durable, according to this source, it can last around 4 years or more, so the material can grow during the growth period of new plants. The use of coconut fiber geotextile material is very suitable for sloping or rocky terrain if seen from its elastic properties. An example that has been applied is in the area of ​​a former mine.